The arrest of Emilio Lozoya Austin, the former director of Petroleos Mexicanos (Pemex), indicted for various crimes involving money laundering, bribery and organized crime, puts it back on the center of the eye and its links with the Case of Odebrecht, one of the frames of corruption biggest in the history of Latin america.
Now that, once the Spanish authorities, they took him in Malaga, by order of the mexican Prosecutors and following the announcement of the Chancellery of that will ask for your extradition with quickly in the next 48 hours, the former officer will have to respond to, among other things, about his relationship with the conglomerate brazilian.
“It is one of the cases of possible political corruption, and one of the few that has managed to document a journalistic level in Mexico,” he told Infobae Mexican journalist Alejandra Xanic, which has closely followed the case of Lozoya Austin and has published in Fifth Element investigations on possible links with Odebrecht.
“It is the figure of more high-level that they now have a research. Matter”, he added. To the reporter, the most interesting thing about his capture is that it “can help us to better understand the Case of Odebrecht, and the reconstruction of what happened,” he said.
“Many of the investigations documented show fragments, but in terms of Odebrecht and the case of the purchase of agricultural Nitrogen that we can’t yet understand,” explained Xanic. To Lozoya Austin, the mexican authority accused him of having received more than USD 12 million in alleged bribes in two different cases.
The first was the purchase by Pemex of the company referred to by the journalist, to price overvalued according to the experts, Altos Hornos de Mexico (AHMSA). One of the accusations of the mexican government against the former official is precisely to have received alleged bribes by more than USD 3 million of the company headed by Alonso Ancira, also arrested in Spain last year and was able to leave prison after paying bail.
The second sobrono is the one that would have received from Odebrecht. Fifth Element revealed in his time, the testimony of three former executives of the company south american, where it revealed the different meetings held with Lozoya when it was an important piece in the campaign of Enrique Peña Nieto, which governed Mexico between 2012 and 2018, and then his triumph seemed inevitable.
The executives testified before the brazilian Justice system to have paid bribes to Lozoya to change to position themselves in Mexico and get an ally vital in the country at the start of the administration of Peña Nieto. Always according to the narration of the men, were transferred to between nine and USD 10.5 million to accounts in tax havens provided by Lozoya.
In December 2012, when Peña Nieto assumed the presidency, Lozoya was appointed director of Pemex, the company’s productive state it was in free fall and was about to go through a radical change: the entry of private initiative for the first time in decades.
In 2014, the administration of Peña Nieto was awarded a direct contract for the adaptation of platforms and terrain to reconfigure the refinery of Tula, in the state of Hidalgo, which, with the passage of the years sank amid accusations of corruption and overpricing that eventually led to its cancellation.
The testimonies of the men of Odebrecht, among them the director of Odebrecht Mexico, Luis Alberto Meneses Weyll, Hilberto Alves da Silva, the efe of the Department of Structured Transactions and Luiz Antonio Mameri, in charge of approving payments of this type, admitted that that was one of the projects that were seeking to get through Lozoya.
Xanic also stressed the importance of the testimonies, as highlighted by moments a facet even intimate in the alleged relationship between Lozoya and the workers of the conglomerate who were looking for favors in the future. Now, however, the office of the Prosecutor General of the Republic (FGR), once you get extradite to Lozoya, “you will have to check if the money actually came to the former director of Pemex,”said Xanic.
According to different investigations carried out by mexican media, the money that you received Lozoya would have been used to acquire two properties, one in Mexico City and another in Ixtapa. In the process they would have been involved members of their immediate family, among them Gilda Austin, his mother, Gilda Susana Lozoya, his sister, and his wife Marielle Helene Eckes.
“And for what was used that money, also you will need to check in the research. Up to now, there are only speculations and a collection of documents and statements that would support that,” concluded the journalist.
However, Lozoya is not the only link between Mexico and Odebrecht, although it is unknown to virtually all of the others involved. “There are signs of companies in Michoacán and Veracruz linked with transfers of Odebrecht. Need to understand exactly what happened, who they were”, explained the expert.
Lozoya resigned in 2016 to Pemex, and since then did not return to occupy a position in the public administration. At that time, its output is presented in one of the worst moments for the company productive in the state, but specialists pointed out that he had taken a step to the side by the pressure in its ties with Odebrecht.
In addition, the Upper Chamber of the Federal Tribunal of Administrative Justice (TFJA) ruled last week that is valid the penalty imposed by the Secretariat of the Public Function (SFP) in may of 2019 to Emilio Lozoya Austin, the former director of Petroleos Mexicanos (Pemex), consisting in the disqualification for 10 years to perform public office.
The former director of Pemex has been rejected at different times all of the accusations. But this Wednesday, her attorney, after learning of the arrest of his client, said that “mr. Lozoya was not sent only” to the Group Radiofórmula.
The lawyer also recalled that there were people who also had authority over him, in addition to that announced who will be asked to appear at hearings, former government officials, those who are necessary. Without mentioning names or positions, Coello hinted that they might be the former directors of the Secretariat of Energy, the Treasury, even the former president Peña Nieto.
Living in Italy under the shadow of the Coronavirus
In the past three days, my life completely changed. I live in Piacenza, a few miles from the areas most affected by the coronavirus in Italy. The city is not in a situation of quarantine absolute. However, it seems that we could find in the source of the outbreak.
The situation in the country began to get complicated on the Saturday morning. At that time, I was arranging a regular meeting with my friends. Some of them tried to deal with the news as calmly as possible, but others began to cancel their presence.
The paranoia of being so close to a place where -possibly – there were positive cases gradually took over all. “Best not to get out”, “My family does not want us to be in the street”, were some of the comments that sprung up with the passing hour. Finally, the party was cancelled.
In the afternoon I went out to walk to the street. Everything seemed to be fine, if you did not take into account the amount of people that were circulating; in contrast with the usual image of a center-packed, only a few brave ones are encouraged to go for a ride. Already glimpsed the first barbijos.
But that all changed on Sunday. The shelves of the supermarkets were completely empty. It was impossible to get the products with the most basic: water, flour, pasta, frozen. And until it is unleashed in various fights for the past few bottles of water and packets of sugar.
The stock was total. And barbijos, the persons totaled latex gloves. Todo this, again, without that the authorities had declared the quarantine.
On Sunday afternoon, the president of the region announced the closure of schools, universities, bars and restaurants for a week. At night, the week had become two.
The weekends are always very quiet in Piacenza. But the usual calm became a silence frightening. There is not a single noise in the street; a few are encouraged to go out and only do it in self, and to seek food or drinks.
The paranoia became the dominant state. A well-known sneezed in the post office and the cashier refused to serve you. And the people waiting next to her will made clear her apprehension. Is the new normal: who shows even the slightest outline of a symptom of respiratory illness is completely isolated.
On Monday resembled a Sunday like never in the past five years. The streets are empty, circulate a few cars and see more than ten people to walk through the center is an anomaly. And those who do are equipped with gloves and masks.
Piacenza seems to be dead. As every city near Lombardy, where we recorded the first positive case in the country. Just listen to the chimes of the churches that we announce the passing of a new time. Two days ago, that I don’t hear anyone talking outside my house. All the people that I know are in their respective homes, no one is encouraged to leave. Water and cigarettes are the most desired products, and are not in any part.
The situation is terrifying.
I can say, without any doubt, that this I will mark of by life. In 72 hours the number of people affected increased from 2 to more than 15. And for Tuesday, the figure had risen to 222, with seven dead. We all have fear.
And, again, Piacenza is located only in preventive measures., How do they live then in the villages in quarantine? Gives Me chills just thinking about it.
Just wait, be at home and pray not to have any symptoms.
They found the young Russian who disappeared in Mexico
Liliana Ignateva, the teenager of Russian descent who had a report of disappearance in the state of Jalisco, was located alive and in good condition this Sunday, 23 February, reported the Prosecutor General’s office of the entity.
According to authorities, the 15-year-old walked away from his family by their own volition and was not the victim of any crime.
Relatives of Liliana reported that last February 17, was last seen in the municipality of Tlajomulco de Zúñiga, about 30 kilometers south of the city of Guadalajara. However, it was not until February 20, after three days of absence, when it activated an Amber Alert.
It is worth mentioning that the report of Liliana coincided with that of four other women, which generated the rumor on social networks about a disappearance systematic of young people in the region, which was ruled out by the government of Jalisco.
Even, Enrique Alfaro Ramírez, used his Twitter account to clarify that the eight women missing, among them a young woman of Russian nationality, were found in the last few hours and that, in all cases “were because they wanted to“.
“The Saturday, I spoke on five women with a complaint of disappearance and of three other minors for which we activate the Amber Alert; all were located and in all the cases, there was an absence voluntary. That is to say, no one took them, you were out of your house because they wanted to,” wrote the representative.
In a prior publication, Alfaro Ramírez announced that Liliana Ignateva was located near the bus station along with her boyfriend, since they intended to leave the state.
“Thanks to research, yesterday we track down the lowest of Russian origin that was missing, by the bus station with your boyfriend. His intention was to hide in the interior of the state or out of the state of Jalisco. It had already been painted the hair for not to be identified. The track on time,” tweeted.
In addition, the governor of Jalisco ) recommended to the citizens to maintain communication with the parents, or in your case, with the children.
“Although it will always be a great news to hear that a woman is looking for is with well, I want to send a message, with a lot of respect: maintain communication with their children, and maintain communication with their parents.”
The politician also reminded the citizens that each complaint that is made represents the use of economic and human resources to give with the whereabouts of the missing persons, therefore, urged to notify if you decide to leave voluntarily. The statements led to the users of social networks reprocharan to the contractor.
“If they decide to leave voluntarily, speak up. Each report represents a strong mobilization of financial and human resources to search for them, and that can mean the difference between finding, particularly with life, another person with a complaint of disappearance”, he added.
“Hey, and 275 women still missing, that we find in the first place all over the country by disappearance… do you also were with their boyfriends?, what or where are you?”, he refuted a user.
According to the system of information About Victims of Disappearance by the Government of Jalisco, in the entity there are 8 thousand 872 people outstanding to locate, of the thousand 77 are women; of these, 537 are between 10 and 24 years.
This is in accordance with the article 4, fraction XV, of the General Law on Enforced Disappearance of People, Disappearance Committed by private Individuals and the National System of Search, which he defines as a missing person to one whose whereabouts are unknown and is presumed, from any sign, that his absence is related to the commission of a crime.
Tired of their mistreatment, hit him with a bat and descuartizó with an axe
The July 20, 1971 the story of Maria Trinidad Ramirez Poblano, a woman who is humble and sold tamales in the colony Portals, filled the headlines of the tabloid press in Mexico City.
As pointed out in their statements to the authorities, one night, the woman decided to end the abuse of the victims she and her five children at the hands of her husband, a hairdresser named Paul Diaz.
Hours before, Paul had been beaten savagely with a belt to three small children, leaving them with marks on the body that were added to the made days earlier.
To the glutton, while the man slept, his wife took a baseball bat with which he dealt three heavy blows. He was covered in blood and no longer breathing.
“He said that once he was ‘cold and not breathing’ proceeded to chop off his legs with an axe, as expressed in the book “Red notice ” 70’s” writers Myriam Laurini and Rolo Diez.
The axe had been borrowed to a neighbor of the neighborhood who lived then.
Once descuartizó the body, stuffed in sacks that kept the leaves to make tamales, and then threw them in the street.
A part of the remains of the hairdresser were found on July 19 to a side of a house marked with the number 508, in the South street 71-A, colonia Justo Sierra, to the south of the capital of the country.
The domestic worker of the house had moved the sacks thinking that they were dead chickens, but seeing that it was human remains, gave notice to the authorities.
As Paul had a criminal record for theft, once they took the fingerprints of the body was easy to identify it.
Just arrived at the home of Mary, Trinity, the woman confessed that she was responsible for and explained that her husband had been years maltratandola together with their children and, more still, when he informed them that the head of the deceased was in a pot of tamales under the bed of her children as she had not fit in the sack. The had preserved in cold water to be retained and not dismiss a bad smell.
According to the history collected by the writers and by media of the time as the daily Press, by the occupation of the woman , there was speculation about the possibility that Mary had used the flesh of the body of her husband-to-cook tamales, but the version was never confirmed.
The first assumption of the police was that close relatives had helped to restrain the body with the axe and then put it in the sack and move it where it was abandoned, as some parts, like the torso, they were very heavy, but she was declared as the sole author of the crime.
On the 29th of July 1971, Mary was sentenced to 40 years in prison for manslaughter, a violation of the General Law on Burials and the Desecration of a Corpse. Finally ended up serving 20 years in Prison Women’s Tepexpan, Xochimilco, and Santa Martha Acatitla, in 1991, he was released. Four years later he died in Tequixquiac, State of Mexico, his native land, where he returned after serving his sentence. Their children are not returned to know nothing.
His case has been taken up by musicians and filmmakers: in 1993, the group of ska Victims of Dr. Brain, released the song “La tamalera”, in that it refers to the case of Mary.
“She was selling her husband to pieces. For misbehaving and not give for the expense. The tamalera, and I ate the sweet without concern. When something happened that caused me to horror: I ate a I the hand of a poor lord, and we were scared to the delegation,” noted the song in one of his stanzas.
A year later, director Juan López Moctezuma filmed the movie “the food of The fear”, based on the story. In 2008, a chapter of the tv series “Mujeres Asesinas” were also inspired in “the tamalera of the portals”.
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