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Decreased the number of well-paid jobs in Mexico

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The wages of workers earning more than three wages (up to 15,000 pesos) minimum decreased in a year, going from 9.38 million in the fourth quarter of 2018 to 6.98 million in the same period last year, i.e. a decrease of 2.4 million people, according to the National Survey of Occupation and Employment (ENOE), Inegi.

During the first quarter of last year, the Rate of Critical Conditions of Occupation stood at 17.9% of the employed population, for the second quarter this amounted to 19% and, for the third, 19.5%; at the close of the year it is placed in 19.4%, according to figures from the ENOE.

The number of people with formal employment who earns less than three minimum wages rebounded in the past year, going from 33.7 million to 38.7 million, that is to say, 5 million more in the lower segment of income.

That way, the participation of this groupand / or spent 62.2% of the employed population at the close of 2018 to 69.5% at the end of the last year.

According to the Inegi, the percentage of the population that has the need and availability of bid more work time than your current occupation will demand, came to 7.8% in the fourth quarter of 2019.

This is the highest figure since the second quarter of 2016. In this way, the number of subocupados amounted to 4.3 million people by the end of last year, 16.8% more than those reported in the fourth quarter of 2018.

Among the entities with the greatest subocupación are Oaxaca, with a rate of 15.1% of its population; Colima, 14.3%; Tabasco, 13.7%; Zacatecas, 13%; Baja California Sur, 12.8%; Guanajuato, 12.7%, and Nayarit, 12.6%. The states with the lowest level were Querétaro, 2%; Aguascalientes, 2.2%; Baja California, 2.3%, and Morelos, 2.8%.

These problems of low wages and the subocupación tend to be expanded due to the population employed in the informal sector does not decrease, on the contrary increases slowly.

The problem of the critical conditions of employment are pronfundiza if we analyze the population by level of income; the workers who earn less are the same that have longer working hours.

By 2019, 30% of those working days 49 to 56 hours per week perceive a maximum of two minimum wages per month (6,160 pesos) and are also 29% of the working days exceed 56 hours per week.

Another labour indicators that showed a decline in material and labour during this period was the Rate of Partial employment and Unemployment, that includes all mexicans, or are unemployed or are employed partially. That is to say, who do not have jobs or who have certain occupations, non-formal, which add up to less than 15 hours of work per week.

The labor informality, one of the issues most important market for mexican labor, showed an improvement in the last ten years. The concentrate of informal workers shrank from 60% at the end of 2009 to 56.2% at the end of 2019.

The majority of informal workers do not have social security systems, tax, employee benefits, contracts established and may not even have access to health institutions.

Even with the advancement in the reduction of informality in Mexico still 56 out of every 100 workers, more than half, is under these conditions.

The problem is intensified for workers with low levels of income. By ejemplo, during the 2019 60% of workers who perceived a maximum of two minimum salaries per month do not have any social benefit. That proportion was 48% six years ago.

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Children with cancer are hanging by a thread: register new scarcity of medicines in Mexico

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Dana has just five years old and in his short life, the shortage of drugs to fight her acute lymphoblastic leukemia has been a constant.

First in the clinic of the government in his native Chiapas (south) and now at the Children’s Hospital Federico Gomez of Mexico City, where their chemotherapies have become intermittent for months. The medicines were absent in September and October 2018, then in February and August of 2019.

According to the mexican government, the lack of medicines is partly due to the crusade against the corruption of president Andrés Manuel López Obrador in order to avoid the diversion of resources in the health sector.

To this was added the lack of supplies in foreign countries to produce the medicines and the decision of the health authorities to close seven plants of the distributor most important of methotrexate, one of the medications used in the treatment of cancer.

Although the government promised to solve the problem of shortages, that still does not happen.

“The new government is committed to the interruption of the treatments would never happen again. That wasn’t the case”, explains to AFP the father of Dhana, Israel Rivas. Began in January of another crisis, and “there was not a single chemotherapy,” he adds.

Since then, parents who are fighting against the clock to preserve the health of their sons began to contact Rivas to expose the shortage in public hospitals across the country.

Daily receiving messages of Tijuana (north), Oaxaca (south), Puebla (center), Merida (east), Guadalajara (west), Mina (south), Acapulco (south), among other cities.

Outside of Mexico City, the situation gets worse: the drugs stopped be supplied completely or have to be divided among several patients for that, at least, do not disrupt your treatment.

For Crisanto Flores, father of Crystal, a three year old girl sick of a cancer which affects the eyes, cut your medication is not an option. A little over a year, and with few resources, he moved to the State of Mexico for his only daughter to be looked after in the capital of the country.

The cancer already snatched a Glass one of her eyes and Flowers will not allow the lack of medication remove anything else.

According to figures from the secretariat of Health, Mexico registers each year, 7,000 new cases of childhood cancer. If they can get the full treatment-time, 57.5% of them can survive.

Four years, Hermes Soto is two months to beat the cancer, that’s why his mother, Hope, Peace, ask for that in this period no lack of drugs to come out soon from this bad dream.

“To us, we only missing three cycles of chemotherapy, the Monday, we will receive the second-to-last,” he says.

– “Cancer does not wait” –

Emmanuel Garcia, in Baja California (north), and Alejandro Barbosa, in the state of Jalisco (west), living more than 1900 kilometers away, but they both have a common mission: to get medicine for the children in their respective states. “Cancer does not wait for anyone,” warns Garcia.

“We bought the drugs to dealers certified by the government that bring them in from abroad and comes back to us dear”, explains Barbosa, a member of the group of hospital clowns Red Nose.

The cost of vincristine, one of the substances most commonly used in chemotherapies, is shot before the shortage. In less than a year, increased by more than 400%, from about 440 pesos (24 dollars) to more than 2.220 (118 dollars).

García explains that to the children of Tijuana, a border city with united States, they would “shut the tap” last December.

But now the children enjoy a respite thanks to a donation locally, the activist is not satisfied, and prepares a protest at the border.

“I ask that, if you already do not lack medicine in Baja California, by which we say that we will close the line (the border crossing between Mexico and the united States). I answer: and what about the children in the south of Mexico?”, reflects Garcia.

A group of parents of children with cancer, closed the 22 of January the access to the airport of Mexico City, the largest in the country, to pressure the government to surrender drugs to their children.

A day later, López Obrador blamed this to the old model of government procurement, which according to him was full of corruption.

“There is No (lack of medicines), in the case of children of cancer, and there is going to be never (…) even though we have to buy in other countries of the world, we have enough budget”, he promised the mexican head of state.

Three weeks later, the promise has not been met in Merida, capital of Yucatan state (southeast). Flor Gonzalez, a mother of a child with cancer, says that six months ago began to miss “one or two drugs”, but in February the number rose to almost a dozen.

“The oncological treatment of children is of the schemas of three to five medications. Practically apply what there is”, he explains.

In the face of these problems, the government of Mexico is committed to that this week would be resolved the crisis of drugs; however, parents are suspicious of this promise that on two previous occasions I said the same thing.

“We are going to give the last vote of confidence”, launches Israel Rivas, who warns that failure to be so will continue the protests across the country.

In Mexico there are more than 26,4 million children without access to social security. These children have access to treatment through government programs, without undermining the economy of the family.

For this reason, parents of children who receive chemotherapy as Rivas, Flores, González and Peace require the government not only to ensure the supply of medicines, but this episode does not repeat. Its sequels, however, only time will reveal.

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López Obrador about the femicide of Fatima: “we must Fight all for a better society. I don’t see another way out”

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The president of Mexico, Andrés Manuel López Obrador, lamented the feminicide of Fatima, a girl of seven years old, whose body was found yesterday south of the City of Mexico, reiterated that his government is doing “everything she can to avoid it”, in addition to that he said, that the only out that “ve” to solve, is that “all fight for a better society”.

“Then I think that these topics that hurt too much, that affect much, have as a possibility for us to fight all for a better society, I don’t see another way out, because it is not produced neoliberalism as a crisis, resulted in a decline, something that affects all the orders of public life, not only is the economic crisis, not only is a crisis of social well-being, is a crisis of loss of values, then the regeneration, there is more to regenerate and not to go with half measures”, said the mexican head of state.

Lopez Obrador said that his government is doing everything“, which corresponds to avoid it”, but argued that it was a process of degradation progressive that had to do with the neo-liberal model.

“It is very unfortunate that this happens, and since then we are doing everything we can to avoid it, I think the most effective is to seek among all, and since then the government is the main responsible for applying a policy to have a better society, I argue that it fell into a decline, was a process of degradation progressive that had to do with the neo-liberal model, I’ve always said that you measured unemployment the economic growth, measured even by the number of murders, but it is not measured the degree of social decay that produced the neo-liberalism”.

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The first electoral survey in Bolivia: the party of Evo Morales leads the intention to vote but would lose in the runoff

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The former minister of Economy, Luis Arce Catacora, who is the presidential candidate of the party of Evo Morales, leads with 31.6 percent of the intended vote, the first electoral survey of the campaign in bolivia, less than three months of the vote. The applicant to the Executive branch would be so to a nine-point win in the first round, as their two main adversaries, the current president transient, Jeanine Añez, and the former president Carlos Mesa, who was second in the election overturned by a fraud of MORE, are not sufficient by now every one of the 20 per cent of the vote.

The first candidate endorsed by the former president Morales is convenient, since it removes a major difference to the ten points, and it is mainly attributed to the vote hard masismo and, in addition, the dispersion of the opponents of the previous representative, reflected in six other nominations.

According to the survey of Ciesmori, Luis Arce gets the first place with 31.6 percent, followed by the applicant Community Citizen, Carlos Mesa, with 17.2 per cent, the president and candidate of the alliance Together, Jeanine Añez, with 16.5 per cent. In the fourth place it is, with a 9.6 per cent, the aspirant to the Presidency by the alliance, we Believe, and a former civic leader, Luis Fernando Camacho, who was one of the leaders of the citizens ‘ mobilizations which led to the 10 of November of last year in the resignation of the former president, Evo Morales. Below are Chi Hyun, with 5.4 percent, and Jorge Quiroga, with 1.6 per cent. Among swing votes, null, and white adds a 16 per cent.

According to the query applied in the first week of February, the MOST wins in five of the nine departments of Bolivia and is second in three. Meanwhile, the president Añez expires in two Table in one and Camacho in one. With these survey results, the party of Evo Morales could get a majority in the Legislative Assembly.

The first reactions of the political representatives has been of satisfaction in the case of the masismo and criticism, confrontation and tension between the opponents of Morales.

The former senator of the MAS, Adriana Salvatierra, said in the network One television that despite the persecution he has suffered his party and the actions to dismantle it, remains the first political force in the country, with a territorial presence homogeneous, whereas their opponents only have any strength regional.

For his part, Ricardo Peace, the chief advisor of the candidate of Citizen Community, Carlos Mesa, was of the view that this survey shows that support for the MAS has been reduced and that that party has been weakened, but continues to be important and threatening.

“What the politicians have failed in terms of unity would now have to do the citizens, so as to concentrate the vote in a single application, as in the previous election. More than a valuable voting is a vote smart”, said Peace.

On his side, Edwin Herrera, of the alliance represented by the president Jeanine Añez, said that the candidacy of the woman is the one who seeks to truly drive the opposition to Morales. The survey shows that it is the one that tends to grow, as it does just three weeks is a candidate, said Herrera to the same television channel.

For his part, Erick Moron, of the alliance we Believe, which posits Luis Fernando Camacho, said that the campaign is just beginning and that the voters will know to concentrate and direct your support to the candidates in which you really trust, who are the ones that fought for truth to remove Evo Morales from power.

For the analyst Franklin Couples, this first survey shows that there are three political forces that really do compete for the Presidency: the MAS, Luis Arce, Together, from the president Jeanine Añez, and Community Citizen, of Carlos Mesa. Other two are important players, said, referring to the that you postulate to the former civic Luis Fernando Camacho and to south korea Chi Hyun. “In this election there is a force that is leaving the center to the left, which is the MOST, and two others, from the center to the right, which are the Añez and Table”, he said.

The more support we get in this first query, the candidate Luis Arce, the MAS, in The Peace, with almost 50 per cent of the respondents, in addition to Cochabamba, with 38 per cent, and Oruro, with 41 per cent.

In the nine capital cities of the country, in addition to the city of El Alto, Luis Arce, the MAS, you get 28 percent, followed by Carlos Mesa, with 20 percent. In the rural area, the candidate of the party of Evo Morales achieved the 45 percent, followed by Jeanine Añez, with 11 percent.

Voting with two candidates

The survey Ciesmori also asked their intention to vote between two candidates, which can serve as a reference if in case you were given a second round.

The interim president Jeanine Añez would with a 43.6 per cent to Luis Arce, that it would be 42.3 percent. In a scenario that is opposite to the candidate of the MAS with the CC, Maple would get 40.8 percent and Table 40.7 per cent. If you gauge the president in charge with the CC, Añez beat with a 33.8 per cent to Table, with a 30.3 per cent.

For the analyst Franklin Couples and Roger Cortez, although there is the possibility that Luis Arce win in the first round, by the sum of the invalid votes, the survey shows that 45 percent of respondents are still not decided his vote.

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